Managing Expectations: Expectations Process

Crafting Excellence: Integrating Bloom's Taxonomy, Mastery Learning, and SMART Goals for Effective Learning Design

From establishing a structured schedule to fostering independent learning, setting clear goals, and connecting with other homeschooling families, the following advice serves as a roadmap for putting together a well-rounded homeschooling experience. By weaving these essential components together, you can lay the foundation for an enriching educational journey tailored to your child's unique needs and learning style.


  • Establish a Schedule: This involves creating a daily or weekly timetable for your homeschooling activities. It helps in organizing and structuring the learning process. Allocate specific times for different subjects, breaks, and activities. A well-defined schedule provides routine and consistency.
  • Set Clear Goals and Objectives: Clearly outline what you want to achieve through homeschooling, both short-term and long-term. Goals could relate to academic achievements, personal development, or skill acquisition. Identify specific learning objectives for each subject or skill. This provides direction and motivation for both the educator and the student.
  • Create a Dedicated Learning Space: Designate a specific area in your home for learning activities. This could be a room, a corner, or a table with necessary supplies. A dedicated space helps create a focused learning environment and separates academic time from leisure. It also ensures all necessary materials are readily available.
  • Utilize a Variety of Teaching Resources: Explore and incorporate diverse learning materials, including textbooks, online resources, educational apps, field trips, and hands-on activities. Provide a well-rounded education by exposing students to different learning styles and resources. This keeps lessons engaging and caters to varied interests and strengths.
  • Encourage Independent Learning: Foster the development of self-directed learning skills. Encourage students to take initiative, manage their time, and explore topics independently. Assign projects, research tasks, or self-paced activities. This promotes responsibility and helps students develop skills they will need in higher education and beyond.
  • Stay Flexible and Adapt: Be open to adjustments in your homeschooling approach. Recognize that flexibility is essential to accommodate changes in pace, interests, or unexpected events. Modify the schedule or teaching methods when needed. Adapt to the individual needs and learning styles of your child. Flexibility is a key advantage of homeschooling.
  • Network with Other Homeschooling Families: Connect with other families who are also homeschooling. This allows for sharing experiences, resources, and support. Join homeschooling groups, both online and offline. This network provides valuable insights, advice, and a sense of community. It can also facilitate collaborative learning opportunities for students.

These elements collectively contribute to a well-rounded and effective homeschooling experience. The key is to find a balance that aligns with the unique needs and preferences of both the educator and the student.

Consider combining Bloom's Revised Taxonomy, Mastery Learning, and setting SMART goals, which can be a powerful approach to designing effective learning experiences. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you put it all together:


Familiarizing yourself with Bloom's Revised Taxonomy, which includes cognitive processes from lower to higher levels: Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating, makes it easier, as a parent-teacher, to align your chosen curriculums learning objectives with the appropriate level of Bloom's Taxonomy. For example, basic recall may correspond to Remembering, while problem-solving aligns with Applying.

Getting to know Bloom's Revised Taxonomy can be helpful. It's like a ladder of thinking skills that goes from remembering simple facts to creating new things. As a parent-teacher, this makes it easier to match the things your child is learning with the right level on the ladder. For instance, remembering focuses on recalling information, while creating involves synthesizing knowledge to generate something new. Using Bloom's Revised Taxonomy aid's the process of designing activities that cater to different cognitive levels and foster a deeper understanding of the subject matter.

Here's an example reflecting the difference between Remembering and Creating:

  • REMEMBERING: Remembering involves recalling facts, information, or concepts. For example, in a history lesson, a student might be asked to remember key dates, events, or historical figures. An activity at this level could be creating flashcards to memorize important details or summarizing a historical event based on provided information.
  • Example activity: Ask the student to create a timeline of significant events during a particular historical period. This activity requires them to remember and organize specific dates and events chronologically.
  • CREATING: Creating, on the other hand, is a higher-order cognitive skill that involves putting together previously learned information in a novel way, generating original ideas, or producing new solutions. In the homeschooling context, a creative task might involve developing something new based on the knowledge acquired.
  • Example activity: Have the student create an alternative ending to a historical event, considering what might have happened if a key decision had been different. This activity not only requires remembering the facts of the event but also challenges the student to think critically, apply their understanding, and generate a creative and plausible outcome.


  • SMART goals are characterized by their specificity, measurability, achievability, relevance, and time-bound nature, making them clear, focused, and actionable.
  • Superficial goals lack the precision and structure of SMART goals, often leading to ambiguity, unrealistic expectations, and difficulties in tracking progress.

When setting goals, it's generally advisable to make them SMART to enhance the likelihood of success and provide a clear roadmap for achievement. Superficial goals, on the other hand, may lead to frustration, uncertainty, and a lack of motivation due to their undefined and imprecise nature.


  • SMART Goal: Clearly define what learners should accomplish. Be precise about the desired outcomes.
  • Superficial Goal: Vague, lacking clear details or specifics.


  • SMART Goal: Establish criteria for measuring progress and success. This could involve quantitative assessments, qualitative observations, or both.
  • Superficial Goal: Doesn't provide criteria for measuring progress or success.


  • SMART Goal: Ensure that goals are realistic and attainable given the learners' abilities and resources.
  • Superficial Goal: Might be impractical or not clearly achievable.


  • SMART Goal: Goals should be relevant to the overall learning objectives and applicable to learners' needs.
  • Superficial Goal: May not align with broader objectives or the individual/organizational mission.


  • SMART Goal: Set a specific timeframe for achieving the goals. This creates a sense of urgency and helps in tracking progress.
  • Superficial Goal: Missing a specific timeframe for completion.

SMART goals are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound. They are clear, focused, and actionable, providing a roadmap for success. Superficial goals lack precision and structure, leading to confusion, unrealistic expectations, and challenges in tracking progress. Setting SMART goals enhances the chances of success, while superficial goals can result in frustration and lack of motivation due to their undefined nature.


  • Break Down the Learning Content: Implementing Mastery Learning involves breaking down the learning content into manageable units or modules to ensure effective comprehension and mastery of each concept. The best approach involves carefully structuring the curriculum into smaller, logically organized units that allow students to focus on mastering one skill or topic before progressing to the next. These modules should be designed to build upon each other, creating a sequential and cumulative learning experience. By chunking the content, parents can monitor individual progress more effectively, address specific learning needs, and provide targeted support where necessary. Additionally, this approach facilitates personalized learning, enabling students to advance at their own pace while ensuring a solid foundation before moving on to more complex material.
  • Design Assessments or Checkpoints: With a Mastery Learning approach, it's crucial to design assessments or checkpoints that act as milestones for each learning unit. These assessments should focus on ensuring a solid understanding of the material before moving on to the next level. Begin by breaking down the unit into key concepts or skills, and create targeted questions or tasks that assess mastery of each. Use a variety of question types to cater to different learning styles, such as multiple-choice, short answer, and practical applications. Provide constructive feedback on the assessments, highlighting areas of strength and areas that may need improvement. Only allow progression to the next level once your child consistently demonstrates mastery of the current material. This way, each child can build a strong foundation before moving forward, ensuring a more comprehensive and lasting understanding of the subjects being taught.
  • Provide Timely and Constructive Feedback: With Mastery Learning, it's crucial to offer timely and constructive feedback to your child after they complete assessments. This means providing detailed insights into what they did well and where they can improve. Instead of just assigning grades, focus on explaining the reasoning behind the assessment results. Encourage a growth mindset by highlighting areas for development as opportunities for learning rather than failures. Make sure to communicate in a supportive and encouraging manner, fostering a positive learning environment. This way, students can understand their strengths and weaknesses, allowing them to target specific areas for improvement and truly master the material at their own pace.
  • Allow Learners to Revisit and Review Content: The key is to create a supportive environment where learners can revisit and review content until they truly understand it before moving on. This means taking the time to focus on each concept or skill, allowing learners to practice and engage with the material at their own pace. If a student doesn't grasp a particular topic on the first try, it's perfectly fine. The best approach involves patience and encouragement, offering additional resources, explanations, or hands-on activities to reinforce understanding. Mastery Learning is about ensuring that learners have a solid foundation before progressing to new challenges, fostering a deeper and more lasting comprehension of the subject matter.

The integration of Bloom's Revised Taxonomy, Mastery Learning, and SMART goals in a Quick Reference Guide provides a structured and accessible framework for parent-teachers to skillfully design, implement, and assess their lessons. This guide empowers parent-teachers with a comprehensive tool that incorporates essential pedagogical principles and strategies. The inclusion of SMART goals ensures that lesson objectives are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound. The Quick Reference Guide serves as a valuable resource for parent-teachers during their day-to-day teaching activities, offering a SMART advantage by streamlining the planning process and facilitating effective instructional decision-making. It becomes a go-to reference, enhancing the overall quality and efficiency of the teaching experience for both educators and students in a home-based learning environment.

Managing Expectations: Expectations Process

Managing Expectations Concepts
Mastery Learning
Bloom's Taxonomy
Key Words that Bloom
Competency Matrix
Putting it all Together
Return to PIE Pieces